Registered: 10 months, 2 weeks ago
G and a standard, pre-tested questionnaire was administered in English language.
G and a standard, pre-tested questionnaire was administered in English language. Participants were allowed to return the filled questionnaire forms to any one of the persons designated by investigators within 15 days. The questionnaire was formulated on the basis of thorough review of literature, after detailed discussions and peer-review among investigators and facilitating faculty. The preliminary questionnaire was pre-tested on 25 students and modified to address the identified deficiencies. The first part of the questionnaire sought information related to demographics PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26336913 of the participants. Perceptions of students regarding four common drugs of abuse namely alcohol, charas, heroin and benzodiazepines (BDZs) were assessed in the second part of the questionnaire. This included their PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28574155 beliefs regarding possible beneficial (e.g. stress alleviation) or harmful effects of these drugs, factors predisposing Vistusertib to initiation and continuation of drugs, factors deemed justifiable to use drugs, and their possible reaction to a colleague taking drugs. They were also asked whether they intended to ever take drugs in the future. In order to exclude interviewer bias, the terms "misuse" and "abuse" were avoided in the questionnaire and the term "use" or "take" was employed instead. Respondents were not asked about their own drug and alcohol practices. This was done in order to avoid discouraging students from participating, since drugs and alcohol are a taboo subject in our society as mentioned earlier. Data was entered and analyzed in Statistical Package for Social Sciences 13.0 (SPSS 13.0). Descriptive statistics of socio-demographic information and perceptions were determined. Chi square test was used to examine putative associations between perceptions and demographic variables. For all purposes, a p-value of <0.05 was considered as the criteria of significance.Figure 1 illustrates the frequency of each of the substances under study perceived by the students to be serious/non trivial. For alcohol, even once-in-a-lifetime use was considered serious by 34 , while another 22 said that daily use (or more) was non-trivial. Forty-seven percent said that once-in-a-lifetime use of charas was non-trivial, while 14 cited intake at only social gatherings to be the minimum serious frequency. Once-in-a-lifetime use of heroin was considered serious by 58 , and use at only social gatherings by another 11 . For BDZs, 26 said that a daily use would be the minimum serious frequency, while another 20 cited once-a-week as that rate. Table 2 illustrates the most common factors perceived as predisposing students to taking drugs. Consumption of drugs by friends and consumption by family members were among the most common predisposing factors identified (90 and 74 , respectively), as was tobacco smoking (76 ). When asked to identify the reasons for students taking up drugs, respondents cited peer pressure (96 ), academic stress (90 ), curiosity/for experimentation and "to get high" (88 each) as the leading ones. To sleep (34 ), academic stress (20 ) and curiosity/for experimentation (20 ) were the leading reasons deemed justifiable by the respondents. Top reasons why certain students do not take drugs included moral unacceptability (78 ) and religion (76 ). "Harmful effects of drugs" was cited as a reason by 57 of respondents, while 38 cited "fear of being caught" as one reason. Ten percent of the respondents said that drugs improved performance in exams, 60 said dr.
Topics Started: 0
Replies Created: 0
Forum Role: Participant